Summary land border expulsions in front of the ECtHR: ND and NT v Spain

Wednesday, October 25, 2017

This journal contribution is to be read in conjunction with the EDAL case summary on ND and NT v Spain.

Introduction :

When ND and NT submitted their application to the European Court of Human Rights in February 2015, the latest Grand Chamber judgment on collective expulsions was Hirsi Jamaa and others v Italy...

Hotspots under a spotlight: the legality of the hotspot approach in Italy

Monday, June 26, 2017


Constituting an iconic flagship of the European Agenda on Migration, Hotspots are the tool designed by the European Commission to prevent the “inflow” of migrants who arrive to Italy and Greece. 

According to ...

Equality of arms? Use of classified information in return cases in Poland

Wednesday, April 26, 2017


Return decisions should generally include factually based information on why the decision is being issued. However, under the Return Directive justification of the decision can be limited for reasons of national security (Article 12(1) second sentence). The information contained in such a decision is often provided by the intelligence services of the state and therefore protected by the law. The problem arises when factually based information is not...