CJEU: Requests for preliminary rulings: C-77/17 and C-78/17 X v. CGRA (Belgium)

Monday, February 13, 2017

On 13 February 2017, the Conseil du Contentieux des Étrangers (Belgium) referred two sets of question to the Court of Justice of the European Union for preliminary rulings. The questions concern the interpretation of Article 14(4) and (5) of the Qualification Directive and its conformity with the 1951 Refugee Convention. In sum, the national court asks whether the aforementioned clauses of the Qualification Directive create new grounds for refusal [Article 14(5)] and withdrawal [Article 14(4)] of refugee status due to “danger to the security of the Member State” or previous conviction for a serious crime, which are not explicitly laid down in the 1951 Refugee Convention. This case has been joined with C-391/16 M, referred by the Czech Republic.

To read the referred questions in full, see: Case C-77/17 // Case C-78/17

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Exclusion from protection
Serious non-political crime