CJEU: Requests for a preliminary ruling from the Irish Court of Appeal, Case C-169/18 Mahmood and others

Date: 
Friday, March 2, 2018

The Irish Court of Appeal has referred questions to the CJEU for a preliminary ruling regarding Directive 2004/38/EC on the right of citizens of the Union and their family members to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States. The questions read as follows:

Subject to the potential justifications described in Questions 2, 3 and 4, is a Member State in breach of the requirement in Article 5(2) of Directive 2004/38/EC1 “the 2004 Directive”) to issue a visa as quickly as possible to the spouse and family Members of a Union citizen exercising free movement rights in the Member State in question or intending to exercise such rights where the delays in processing such an application exceed 12 months or more?

Without prejudice to Question 1, are delays in processing or otherwise deciding on an application for a visa pursuant to Article 5(2) arising from the necessity to ensure in particular by way of background checks that the application is not fraudulent or an abuse of rights, including that the marriage amounts to a marriage of convenience, whether by virtue of Article 35 of the 2004 Directive or otherwise and thus not a breach of Article 5(2)?

Without prejudice to Question 1, are delays in processing or deciding on an application for a visa pursuant to Article 5(2) arising from the necessity to conduct extensive background and security checks on persons coming from certain third countries because of specific concerns relating to security in respect of travellers coming from those third countries, whether by virtue of Article 27 or Article 35 of the 2004 Directive or otherwise justifiable and thus not in breach of Article 5(2)?

Without prejudice to Question 1, are delays in processing or deciding on an application for a visa pursuant to Article 5(2) arising from a sudden and anticipated surge in such applications coming from certain third countries which are thought to present real security concerns justifiable and thus not in breach of Article 5(2)?



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Keywords: 
Visa