Latest News

CJEU: Advocate General Opinion on the relocation of applicants of international protection to Poland, Hungary, Czechia

Thursday, October 31, 2019

On 31 October 2019, Advocate General Sharpston delivered an opinion on the action brought by the Commission against Poland (Case C-715/17), Hungary (case C-718/17) and Czech Republic (Case C-719/17) concerning the failure to comply with the Relocation Decisions (Decision 

Greece: Athens Administrative Court rules on the evidentiary requirements to establish family relationships

Friday, September 13, 2019

On 13 September 2019, the Athens Administrative Court delivered its judgment on the evidentiary requirements for family relationships in the context of an application for a residence document on humanitarian grounds.

RS (Sri Lanka) v Secretary of State: Reasonable likelihood that escaped detainee faces risk in the event of return

Monday, October 28, 2019

On 28 October 2019, the Court of Appeal published its ruling on RS (Sri Lanka) EWCA Civ 1796 concerning the refusal to grant international protection status to a Sri Lankan national who had escaped detention.  

Latest Cases

Country of Applicant: Bangladesh , Keywords: Accelerated procedure, Detention, Effective access to procedures, Effective remedy (right to), Inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, Procedural guarantees, Safe third country , Date of Decision: 21-11-2019

When State Parties do not examine an application for international protection in its mertis based on a safe third country clause, Article 3 still requires that they apply a thorough and comprehensive legal procedure to assess the existence of such risk by looking into updated sources regarding the situation in the receiving third country. Hungary violated Article 3 by failing to conduct an efficient and adequate assessment when applying the safe third country clause for Serbia.

Article 5 cannot be considered as ratione materiae applicable to the Röszke transit zone; the applicants' stay there involved a short waiting time in order for Hungary to verify their right to enter, they had entered on their own initiative and they were free to leave the area in the direction of Serbia. The conditions in the transit zone were not found to breach Article 3 because of the restrictive measure's short duration, the possibility for human contact and the applicants' awareness of the procedure.

Country of Applicant: Afghanistan , Keywords: Accommodation centre, Best interest of the child, Duty of applicant, Material reception conditions, Reception conditions, Unaccompanied minor, Vulnerable person , Date of Decision: 12-11-2019
A sanction imposed in response of serious breaches of the rules of the accommodation centre or of seriously violent behaviour on behalf of an applicant for international protection cannot include withdrawal of material reception conditions relating to housing, food or clothing, even if it is temporary. Authorities should take into particular consideration any such sanction in cases of vulnerable applicants and unaccompanied minors.

Country of Decision: France , Country of Applicant: Somalia , Keywords: Dublin Transfer, Indirect refoulement, Obligation to give reasons, Personal circumstances of applicant, Procedural guarantees, Responsibility for examining application, Subsidiary Protection , Date of Decision: 24-09-2018
The Dublin Regulation does not prevent France from being competent to examine the applicant's asylum application, given the existence of orders from the German authorities imposing an obligation to return to Somalia, where risk of inhuman treatment cannot be excluded.
Any decision must be reasoned and translated into a language understandable to the applicant. 


About EDAL

The European Database of Asylum Law (EDAL) is an online database managed by the European Council on Refugees and Exiles (ECRE) and a compilation of summaries of refugee and asylum case law from the courts of 22 European states, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) and the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR). The summaries are published in English and in the relevant state’s national language.

For more information please see here.

If you are interested in contributing an article on a relevant subject to the EDAL blog or would like to inform us about an important national judgment, please kindly send an email to Stavros Papageorgopoulos (