Latest News

Germany: Suspended Dublin transfer to Greece due to risk of chain refoulement to Turkey

Wednesday, July 17, 2019

On 17 July, the Administrative Court of Munich ruled to suspend the transfer of a Syrian national to Greece under the Dublin III Regulation 604/2013 (the Dublin Regulation).

France: Court rules against exclusion of Syrian asylum applicant due to lack of evidence

Friday, July 19, 2019

On 19 July, the French National Court of Asylum overturned a decision of the French Office for the Protection of Refugees and Stateless Persons (OFPRA) regarding the cessation of refugee status of an applicant from Syria.

The Netherlands: Ruling against return to Greece for vulnerable beneficiaries of international protection

Monday, July 15, 2019

On 15 July, the Dutch Council of State ruled to suspend the transfer to Greece under the Dublin III Regulation 604/2013 (the Dublin Regulation) of a single

Latest Cases

Country of Applicant: Tunisia , Keywords: Detention, Effective access to procedures, Effective remedy (right to), Individual assessment, Inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, Procedural guarantees , Date of Decision: 15-12-2016

The applicants’ detention under Article 5 (1) was arbitrary and did not ensure the principle of legal certainty; lack of information was contrary to Article 5 (2) and impaired their ability to challenge the detention decisions in violation of 5 (4). The conditions at the reception centre and the boats did not amount to a violation of Article 3, as the applicants’ stay was very short and there were not sufficient indications.

There was no violation of Article 4 Protocol 4, as the applicants have had a genuine and effective possibility during the entire procedure to raise concerns regarding obstacles to their return to Tunisia; there was similarly no violation of Article 4 Protocol 4 in conjunction with Article 13, since the applicants’ complain would solely relate on the collective nature of their expulsion and not to any real risk of treatment contrary to Article 2 & 3 in Tunisia.

Country of Decision: Greece , Country of Applicant: Bangladesh , Keywords: Refugee Status, Residence document, Vulnerable person , Date of Decision: 31-12-2018

The recognition of gender identity is a matter of respect towards the individual’s personality, protected under Greek and international law and applicable by analogy to refugees. Refugees must be able to request assistance from the authorities of the host-country, as refugeehood entails severed ties with the country of origin making it impossible for recognised refugees to request official actions from their governments.


Keywords: Best interest of the child, Dublin Transfer, Responsibility for examining application , Date of Decision: 23-01-2019

The notification about the intention of withdrawal from the EU by the Member-State responsible for the examination of the application for international protection does not trigger the determining Member-State’s obligation to make use of the discretionary clause of Article 17(1) 604/2013 EU. Similarly, Article 6 (1) cannot be interpreted as imposing an obligation on the Member State that is not responsible to take into account the best interests of the child and to examine the application itself under 17 (1)

About EDAL

The European Database of Asylum Law (EDAL) is an online database managed by the European Council on Refugees and Exiles (ECRE) and a compilation of summaries of refugee and asylum case law from the courts of 22 European states, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) and the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR). The summaries are published in English and in the relevant state’s national language.

For more information please see here.

If you are interested in contributing an article on a relevant subject to the EDAL blog or would like to inform us about an important national judgment, please kindly send an email to Stavros Papageorgopoulos (