Latest News

Finland: The Supreme Administrative Court of Finland ruled that serious interference with religious freedom can constitute persecution

Thursday, September 10, 2020

On 10 September 2020, the Supreme Administrative Court of Finland ruled that serious interference with religious freedom can constitute persecution, thereby overturning the decision of the Finnish Immigration Service (FIS) and the Administrative Court.

The case c

UK: Court of Appeal upholds decision that declared removal of Ugandan citizen unlawful

Monday, September 28, 2020

On 28 September 2020, the UK Court of Appeal rejected an attempt by the Home Office to overturn a High Court order to bring an asylum applicant, who had been removed under the earlier declared ‘unlawful’ Detained Fast Track (DFT) system, back to the UK and agreed with the applicant that the period succeeding her unlawful immigrati

CJEU: Provision of basic needs for third country nationals with seriously ill, dependent child pending an appeal with automatic suspensive effect

Wednesday, September 30, 2020

On 30 September 2020, the CJEU answered the preliminary request for an interpretation of Articles 5 and 13 of the Return Directive (2008/115/EC) made in the proceedings between LM and the Public Centre for Social Welfare (CPAS).

Latest Cases

Article 6(1)(e) of the Schengen Borders Code does not preclude the issue of a return decision to a third-country national not subject to a visa requirement and who is present on the territory of a M.S. for a short stay if that national is suspected of having committed a criminal offence. Moreover, the Code does not impose an obligation to establish, in order to issue such a decision, that their conduct represents a genuine, present and sufficiently serious threat affecting one of the fundamental interests of the society of the Member State concerned, as long as the principle of proportionality is respected.

Country of Applicant: Iraq, Palestinian Territory, Somalia, Syria

Confinement of asylum applicants in an airport transit zone is contrary to Art. 5 § 1 (f) in the absence of any domestic legal basis for the applicants’ deprivation of liberty.

Confinement of asylum seekers left to their own devices in airport transit zones under the control of border authorities, without unimpeded access to shower or cooking facilities, outdoor exercise and medical or social assistance amount to degrading and inhuman conditions under Art. 3 ECHR if protracted for a long time. 

Country of Applicant: Iraq

An authority examining an application for international protection by an individual already holding protection status in another Member Statemust check whether the protection of fundamental rights is systematically guaranteed by the country already providing international protection. This especially concerns applicants who are entirely dependent on public aid, and, in particular, on the public health system of the country providing them protection. 

About EDAL

The European Database of Asylum Law (EDAL) is an online database managed by the European Council on Refugees and Exiles (ECRE) and a compilation of summaries of refugee and asylum case law from the courts of 22 European states, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) and the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR). The summaries are published in English and in the relevant state’s national language.

For more information please see here.

If you are interested in contributing an article on a relevant subject to the EDAL blog or would like to inform us about an important national judgment, please kindly send an email to Stavros Papageorgopoulos (