• This blog assess the gaps present in the Qualification Directive with regards to refugees with disabilities. Persons with disabilities are neither included within the definition of Particular Social Group nor are they accomodated for in the definition given to acts of persecution in the Directive. Given that EU Member States are bound by the international obligations of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, this blog calls upon the EU to take into account the specific situation of refugees with disabilities and provide a framework for protection that is in line with the Convention. 

  • The Supreme Court of Republic Slovenia has referred a request for a preliminary ruling to the CJEU on the interpretation to be given to Articles 3 and 17 of the Dublin III Regulation in the case that concerns a transfer to Croatia under the Dublin III Regulation.

  • The Belgian Council for Alien Law Litigation has referred a series of questions to the Court of Justice on the application and interpretation to be given to Article 25(1) of the Visa Code.

  • The blog aims to demonstrate that the system of self-identification of vulnerable persons in the international protection proceedings, applicable in Poland prior to the transposition of the recast Procedure and Reception Directives, can give rise to breaches of Article 5 of the ECHR. It also examines the possible impact of the post-transposition legal framework in Poland on detention practices for those who are vulnerable.

  • The navigation and use of Country of Origin information by the European Court of Human Rights has been, up until now, a relatively unexplored area. This blog, however, examines in depth how the ECtHR has established a specific framework on the use of COI in its own case law, namely the collection, assessment, and determination of COI. Whilst this framework has been created by the Court itself it rarely abides by it, leading to a COI methodology which is porous and contradictory and a judgment which determines the fate of the individual as well as State practice elsewhere.

Latest News


France: Allowance insufficient for asylum seekers without accommodation

Date: 
Friday, December 23, 2016

In a judgment of 23 December 2016, the French Council of State examined the appropriateness of the level of the ADA (Allocation pour demandeur d’asileallowance for asylum seekers) for asylum seekers who

The Netherlands: Decrease in number of reception places in Italian SPRAR locations does not prevent transfer of particularly vulnerable foreign nationals to Italy

Date: 
Friday, December 9, 2016

On 9 December 2016 the Administrative Jurisdiction Division of the Council of State has judged that the decrease in the number of reception places in the Italian SPRAR centers does not prevent the Dublin transfer of extremely vulnerable foreign nationals to Italy.

ECtHR - Abuhmaid v. Ukraine (no. 31183/13) [Articles 8 and 13], 12 January 2017

Date: 
Thursday, January 12, 2017

On the 12th of January 2017, the European Court of Human Rights gave its ruling in the case of Abuhmaid v. Ukraine (no. 31183/13), concerning a Palestinian national residing in Ukraine.

Latest Cases


Country of Decision: Italy , Country of Applicant: Unknown , Keywords: Accesso effettivo alle procedure, Obbligo di motivare, Trattenimento , Date of Decision: 09-04-2015

Qualora la Questura desideri prorogare il provvedimento di trattenimento presso un Centro di permanenza temporanea è necessario che al ricorrente sia garantito il rispetto del principio di contraddittorio.

Nel caso in cui il ricorrente sollevi un’eccezione in merito alla violazione del suo diritto al contradditorio, è necessario motivare circa le ragioni che ostano al suddetto accoglimento.

In caso contrario, il provvedimento di trattenimento è nullo.

Country of Decision: Italy , Country of Applicant: Unknown , Keywords: Dublin Transfer, Effective access to procedures, Effective remedy (right to), Procedural guarantees , Date of Decision: 02-02-2016

Le garanzie dell’Art. 26 e 27 del regolamento UE n. 604/2013 circa gli stranieri che avanzano domanda di protezione internazionale sono inderogabili.

Tali garanzie non sono rispettate quando viene violato il diritto di informazione sui mezzi di impugnazione disponibili e il diritto a un ricorso effettivo avverso una decisione di trasferimento.

Country of Decision: Italy , Country of Applicant: Nigeria , Keywords: Accesso al mercato del lavoro, Circostanze personali del richiedente, Conflitto armato, Informazioni sul paese di origine, Obbligo / dovere di cooperare, Obbligo del richiedente, Onere della prova, Persecuzione (atti di), Valutazione di credibilità, Violenza indiscriminata , Date of Decision: 02-12-2014

La descrizione da parte del richiedente protezione internazionale  di una situazione di rischio per la propria vita o l’incolumità fisica che derivi dall’imposizione di violenza verso un genere, un gruppo sociale, religioso o familiare, quando sia tollerata, approvata o non fronteggiabile dalle autorità statuali, impone un approfondimento istruttorio officioso da parte del Giudice diretto a verificare il grado di diffusione ed impunità dei comportamenti violenti descritti e la risposta delle autorità statuali.

About EDAL


The European Database of Asylum Law (EDAL) is an online database co-ordinated by the European Council on Refugees and Exiles (ECRE) and a compilation of summaries of refugee and asylum case law from the courts of 19 EU Member States, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) and the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR). The summaries are published in English and in the relevant Member State’s national language.

For more information please see here.

If you are interested in contributing an article on a relevant subject to the EDAL blog or would like to inform us about an important national judgment, please kindly send an email to Amanda Taylor (ataylor@ecre.org) or Julia Zelvenska (jzelvenska@ecre.org).