Latest News

Netherlands – Council of State Advocate General’s opinion on ‘Safe Country’ concept in asylum cases

Friday, July 22, 2016

On 20 July 2016, the Advocate General of the Council of State published his opinion regarding the concept of ‘Safe Country’ in asylum cases.

UK: Court of Appeal rules on persecution based on imputed political opinion

Tuesday, July 12, 2016

On 12 June 2016, the Court of Appeal ruled on the issue of persecution based on imputed political opinion in Secretary of State for the Home Department v MSM (Somalia) and UNHCR (Intervener).

ECtHR - Administrative detention of children in the context of deportation procedures

Tuesday, July 12, 2016
  • A.B. and Others v. France (no. 11593/12) [Articles 3, 5 §§ 1 and 4, 8], 12 July 2016
  • A.M. and Others v. France (no. 24587/12) [Articles 3, 5 §§ 1 and 4, 8], 12 July 2016
  • R.C. and V.C. v. France (no. 76491/14) [Articles 3, 5 §§ 1 and 4, 8], 12 July 2016
  • R.K. and Others v. France (no. 68264/14) [Articles 3, 5 §§ 1 and 4, 8], 12 July 2016
  • R.M. and Others v. France (no.

Latest Cases

Country of Decision: United Kingdom , Country of Applicant: Sudan , Keywords: Child Specific Considerations, Detention, Refugee Status, Unaccompanied minor , Date of Decision: 20-07-2016

AA claims he was unlawfully detained from 17 February 2015 to 27 February 2015 because he was detained as an unaccompanied child in a way contrary to paragraph 18B Schedule 2 of the Immigration Act 1971.

The decision turned on whether the word “child” in the Immigration Act 1971 was to be interpreted objectively (i.e. is the individual, in physical fact, under 18) or whether the detention’s legality involved the reasonable belief of the immigration officer that the individual is under 18.

Country of Decision: Czech Republic, Germany , Country of Applicant: Iran , Keywords: Assessment of facts and circumstances, Dublin Transfer, Effective remedy (right to), Inadmissible application, Protection, Request to take back, Responsibility for examining application , Date of Decision: 27-04-2016

If a Member State is responsible for carrying out an asylum procedure under the relevant terms of the Dublin Regulation, e.g. under Art. 29 (2) of the Dublin III Regulation, an applicant may invoke that Member State’s responsibility if it has not been positively established that another Member State (which does not have responsibility) is willing to take charge of the applicant or take him or her back.

In such a case, it can be derived from the objective and purpose of the Dublin system, as well as the fact that it constitutes the procedural dimension of the substantive rights granted to applicants by Directive 2011/95/EU (i.e. Qualification Directive), that the individual concerned is entitled to have his asylum application reviewed by the responsible Member State. This is so, irrespective of the question, whether the provisions on the Member State’s responsibility generally provide for subjective rights of the applicants. 

Country of Decision: France , Country of Applicant: Sri Lanka , Keywords: Assessment of facts and circumstances, Procedural guarantees , Date of Decision: 05-06-2015

The general director of The French Office for the Protection of Refugees and Stateless Persons (OFRA) appealed at the Council of State against the decision of the National Court of Asylum Law which granted M.A refugee status following the non-consideration by the court of the documents provided by the OFPRA in a foreign language (English).

The Council of State cancelled the court decision noting that it is incumbent on the Court to ask for a translation when  necessary.  

About EDAL

The European Database of Asylum Law (EDAL) is an online database co-ordinated by the European Council on Refugees and Exiles (ECRE) and a compilation of summaries of refugee and asylum case law from the courts of 19 EU Member States, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) and the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR). The summaries are published in English and in the relevant Member State’s national language.

For more information please see here.

If you are interested in contributing an article on a relevant subject to the EDAL blog or would like to inform us about an important national judgment, please kindly send an email to Amanda Taylor ( or Julia Zelvenska (