• The blog aims to demonstrate that the system of self-identification of vulnerable persons in the international protection proceedings, applicable in Poland prior to the transposition of the recast Procedure and Reception Directives, can give rise to breaches of Article 5 of the ECHR. It also examines the possible impact of the post-transposition legal framework in Poland on detention practices for those who are vulnerable.

  • The navigation and use of Country of Origin information by the European Court of Human Rights has been, up until now, a relatively unexplored area. This blog, however, examines in depth how the ECtHR has established a specific framework on the use of COI in its own case law, namely the collection, assessment, and determination of COI. Whilst this framework has been created by the Court itself it rarely abides by it, leading to a COI methodology which is porous and contradictory and a judgment which determines the fate of the individual as well as State practice elsewhere.

  • ECRE has published its analysis on the European Commission's proposals to reform the Common European Asylum System. All legislative proposals; Dublin Regulation IV, Asylum Procedures Regulation, Qualification Regulation, Reception Conditions Directive, EASO Regulation, EURODAC Regulation and the Regulation establishing a Union Resettlement Framework have been commented upon by ECRE and can be found on EDAL's resources page. 

  • In his Opinion, the Advocate-General found that a Member State may not detain an applicant for international protection awaiting his or her transfer to another Member State, where the legislation of the first Member State has not defined objective criteria for assessment of a significant risk that a foreign national may abscond, even if such criteria follows from the judicial and administrative practice of that Member State.

  • The CALL ordered the Aliens Office to grant humanitarian visas to a Syrian family within 48 hours. As the Aliens Office refused to execute this CALL decision, the Tribunal of First Instance has issued a fine on the State of €1000 per person per day until the decisions are properly executed.

Latest News

Belgium: CALL recognises Kurdish woman in Turkey who has been victim of domestic violence as a refugee

Monday, November 28, 2016

This case concerns a Turkish woman of Kurdish origin who suffered severe ill-treatment by her husband and persecution by her own family in Turkey. After she obtained a divorce from her husband, she received death threats from him and was rejected by her own family. She went to Belgium, where her application for regularisation was rejected. In 2007 she married a man in Belgium at the consulate of Turkey.

Communicated case: A.M. v. Austria (no. 32830/15), communicated on 6 November 2016

Sunday, November 6, 2016

On 6 November 2016, the European Court of Human Rights communicated the case A.M. v. Austria (no. 32830/15), which relates to the Dublin transfer of a Somali national, who was granted subsidiary protection in Italy, from Austria to Netherlands. The applicant’s wife and child live in Austria.

Abdullahi Elmi and Aweys Abubakar v. Malta (nos. 25794/13 and 28151/13) [Articles 3 and 5], 22 November 2016

Tuesday, November 22, 2016

On 22 November 2016, the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) delivered its judgment in Abdullahi Elmi and Aweys Abubakar v. Malta (nos. 25794/13 and 28151/13) concerning the eight-month detention of two asylum-seeking children pending the outcome of their asylum procedure and, in particular, the age assessment procedure employed.

Latest Cases

Country of Decision: Italy , Country of Applicant: Gambia , Keywords: Credibility assessment, Membership of a particular social group, Persecution (acts of), Sexual orientation, Well-founded fear , Date of Decision: 05-03-2013

Although same-sex conducts are not expressly criminalised and prosecuted in Gambia, the climate of intolerance, together with the actual treatment of LGBTI persons, shows that the applicant has a well-founded fear of persecution. 

Country of Decision: Italy , Country of Applicant: Ghana , Keywords: Credibility assessment, Membership of a particular social group, Persecution (acts of), Sexual orientation, Well-founded fear , Date of Decision: 13-05-2016

There is a well-founded fear of persecution based on membership of a particular social group in the case of an applicant who, even though he is not gay, he is perceived as such by his community, his family and the authorities in his country of origin. 

Country of Decision: Ireland , Country of Applicant: Congo (DRC) , Keywords: Effective access to procedures, Effective remedy (right to) , Date of Decision: 14-07-2016

This case examines whether, for a subsequent application, internal review followed by Judicial Review is an effective remedy, as provided by Article 39 of the Council Directive 2005/85/EC (“the Asylum Procedures Directive”).

About EDAL

The European Database of Asylum Law (EDAL) is an online database co-ordinated by the European Council on Refugees and Exiles (ECRE) and a compilation of summaries of refugee and asylum case law from the courts of 19 EU Member States, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) and the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR). The summaries are published in English and in the relevant Member State’s national language.

For more information please see here.

If you are interested in contributing an article on a relevant subject to the EDAL blog or would like to inform us about an important national judgment, please kindly send an email to Amanda Taylor (ataylor@ecre.org) or Julia Zelvenska (jzelvenska@ecre.org).